Performance Testing Rails Applications
Measuring the performance of a rails application is very important before it is deployed to production. Rails framework provides various tools to measure the performance of the application.
Performance tests are typically integration tests that helps identify the application’s memory and speed issues.
You can use the rails-perftest gem to benchmark and profile rails code. Include the following gems in your project’s Gemfile
gem 'rails-perftest' gem 'ruby-prof' # for MRI profiling
Writing performance test cases
As mentioned before performance tests are special integration tests in the rails application. Assume that you would want to test the dashboard of your application which has the following code:
# app/controllers/dashboard_controller.rb # accessible via route /dashboard class DashboardController < ApplicationController def show @comment_list = Comment.where("commentable_id IN (?) AND commentable_type = ? AND commented_by != ? AND description != ? and visible = true", completed_evaluations_id ,'EvaluationInstance',current_employee.id,"").order('created_at desc').limit(10) end end
This dashboard action gets the latest feedback of given to the user in the form of comments. The performance test for this action can be something like the following:
require 'test_helper' require 'rails/performance_test_help' class PostPerformanceTest < ActionDispatch::PerformanceTest def setup login_as(:employee) end test "Access Dashboard" do get '/dashboard' end end
The performance test will provide details like the time take for the action, the number of objects created and total memory used for this.
Similary a model performance test can be used to give an idea on the time required for a function. This can come in handy while running complex queries against the database.
test "slow method" do comment = FactoryGirl.create(:comment) comment.slow_method end
Running performance tests
Performance tests can be run in two modes - benchmarking and profiling modes.
Benchmarking makes it easy to quickly gather a few metrics about each test run. Each test case is run multiple times( by default 4 times) in benchmarking mode.
Performance test can be run in benchmarking mode using
$ rake test:benchmark
Profiling does an in-depth analysis using an external profiler. For MRI this is done using RubyProf. Here each test case is run only once.
Profiling can be done using:
$ rake test:profile
Benchmarking and profiling gives multiple metrics as results including various time, memory and garbage collection metrics. More details can be found in this readme page
Command line tools
For quick and dirty performance testing(without writing performance test files), this also provides command line tools
profiler. Each of this command can be run by passing a snippet of code to it.
An example run could be as follows:
$ perftest benchmarker 'Comment.all' --runs 3 --metrics wall_time,memory
Performance tests are a useful tools to measure, benchmark and profile blocks of code in your rails applicaton. A well written performance test can help a developer to analyse the most time taking parts of the key execution paths in the application.
Credits: Header photo by Rene Böhmer on Unsplash.
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